As I continue working through my reading backlog I find interesting stuff that bears comment. When the folks over at NSS Labs attempted to poke holes in the concept of security layers I got curious. Only 3% of over 606 combinations of firewall, IPS, and Endpoint Protection (EPP) actually successfully blocked their full suite of attacks?
There is only limited breach prevention available: NSS looked at 606 unique combinations of security product pairs (IPS + NGFW, IPS + IPS, etc.) and only 19 combinations (3 percent) were able to successfully detect ALL exploits used in testing. This correlation of detection failures shows that attackers can easily bypass several layers of security using only a small set of exploits. Most organizations should assume they are already breached and pair preventative technologies with both breach detection and security information and event management (SIEM) solutions.
No kidding. It not novel to say that exploits work in today’s environment. Instead of just guessing at optimal combination of devices (which seems to be a value proposition NSS is pushing in the market now), what about getting a feel for the incremental effectiveness of just using a firewall. And then layering in an IPS, and finally looking at endpoint protection. Does IPS really make an incremental difference? That would be useful information – we already know it is very hard to block all exploits.
NSS’s analysis of why layering isn’t as effective as you might think is interesting: groupthink. Many of these products are driven by the same research engines and intelligence sources. So if a source misses all its clients miss. Clearly a recipe for failure, so diversity is still important. Rats! Dan Geer and his monoculture stuff continue to bite us in the backside.
But of course diversity adds management complexity. Usually significant complexity, so you need to balance different vendors at different control layers against the administrative overhead of effectively managing everything.
And a significant percentage of attacks are successful not due to innovative exploits (of the sorts NSS tests), but because of operational failures implementing the technology, keeping platforms and products patched, and enforcing secure configurations.
Photo credit: “groupthink” originally uploaded by khrawlings